About Us

40 Years of Experience

Our Leadership

Mr. A.C. KAMARAJ

FOUNDER & CHAIRMAN OF THE COMPANY

Simulation & FLOW ModEling

NAWAD TECH has been working on waterways for over a decade with various national and regional governments. We have done extensive simulation and flow modeling with Indian Institute of Science-Bangalore, including number of field trials within various State Governments.  We have contributed to number of research papers in various engineering forum across India. In recognizing the extensive work in the field of connecting rivers by waterways,  

research papers

We have contributed to number of research papers in various engineering forum across India. In recognizing the extensive work in the field of connecting rivers by waterways, Govt. of India has appointed Er. A.C. Kamaraj, Chairman NAWAD TECH as expert member in the committee on interlinking of rivers. In summary, NAWAD TECH possess ‘KNOW-WHY’, ‘KNOW-WHAT’ and ‘KNOW-HOW’ in connecting rivers by waterways.

Scientific industrial research organization (SIro)

Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India has recognized NAWAD TECH as Scientific Industrial Research Organisation (SIRO), We can effectively perform as extension of public sector in project implementation.

Projects for the welfare of the people

For example NAWAD TECH can be entrusted with projects in implementing programmes for welfare of the people.

What Can You Do


DONATE


Appeal  For Indian Donors:

Water is the most essential for sustenance of life and country's development. NAWAD TECH  has developed a feasible, viable and  acceptable Water Resource Management for India. It is Networking of rivers by Smart Waterways. Donate liberaly to NAWAD TECH  so as to implement the Project and future research.

Appeal For NRI Donors

NAWAD TECH has Proposed the best Water Resouce Management System for India. It is called Ganga Kumari National Smart Waterways Project. It is Networking of Indian Rivers  by Smart waterways. We want to establish a world class Research Centre and also take the Project for implementation. Donate 10$ daily as your valuable contribution.

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ANDRA WATERWAYS PROJECT

When Godavari River is in floods, Krishna Basin suffers heavy water shortage. More than 2000 TMC of water goes to sea every year from Godavari alone.  However Krishna also discharges heavy floods at times (2.87 lakhs cusecs into sea in August 2005). The only solution for these problems is Networking of Rivers.


The Networking of Rivers in Andhra known as Andhra Waterways Project – (AWP) is a segment in Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP),conceived by Prof. Er. A.C. Kamaraj and developed by a team of devoted experts, numbering over 100, is a new concept for Networking of all major rivers by waterways.  

The project does not interfere with any of the existing irrigation systems but only strengthens.

The special feature of the project is retrieval of only floodwater, which is now going unutilized to the sea. It does not interfere with the utilizable flow (Water available at 75% dependability) in any basin.

AWP is the biggest rain water harvesting (RWH) in the State.AWP is taken on Contour concepts and hence there is no pumping in the whole system and AWP allows for Two-way flow. 

All the west to east flowing rivers in Andhra are linked with Andhra waterways GRID. This waterways grid may be created at the height of around 250 MSL.The width of the Navigational waterway is 120 m and the depth is 10 m .

Estimate             :Cost: Rs.30,000 Cr.,    Return :Rs.4000 Cr. per year

Implementation : 5 years under PPP (Public Private Partnership) model



BENEFITS








   










TELANGANA WATERWAYS PROJECT (TeWP)


The Networking of Rivers in Telangana known as Telangana Waterways Project (TeWP) –is a segment in Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP),, is a new concept for Networking of all major rivers by waterways.  

The project does not interfere with any of the existing irrigation systems but only strengthens.

Telangana Waterways:

All the west to east flowing rivers in Telangana are linked with Telangana waterways GRID. This waterways grid may be created at the height of around 250 MSL.

The width of the Navigational waterway is 120 m and the depth is 10 m .


Estimate             :Cost: Rs.30,000 Cr.,    Return :Rs.3700 Cr. per year

Implementation : 5 years under PPP (Public Private Partnership) model

BENEFITS

















MAHARASHTRA WATERWAYS PROJECT (MWP)


The Networking of Rivers in MAHARASHTRA known as Maharashtra Waterways Project – (MWP) is a segment in Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP),is a new concept for Networking of all major rivers by smart waterways.  

The project does not interfere with any of the existing irrigation systems but only strengthens.

MWP:

The special feature of the project is retrieval of only floodwater, which is now going unutilized to the sea. It does not interfere with the utilizable flow (Water available at 75% dependability) in any basin.

MWP is the biggest rain water harvesting (RWH) in the State.

MWP is taken on Contour concepts and hence there is no pumping in the whole system and MWP allows for Two-way flow. 

All the west to east flowing rivers in MAHARASHTRA are linked with MAHARASHTRA waterways GRID. This waterways grid may be created at the height of around 250 MSL.

The width of the Navigational waterway is 120 m and the depth is 10 m.


Implementation: About 5 years under PPP (Public Private Partnership)

Finance:Cost of the project is Rs.1,05,000 Cr. Return : 12,000 Cr / year

BENEFITS





























KARNATAKA SMART WATERWAYS PROJECT (KSWP)


The rivers on the Western Ghats carry heavy floods during season and during other periods even drinking water is not available.

Karnataka Smart Waterways Project – (KSWP) is a segment in Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP),is a new concept for Networking of all major rivers by waterways.  

In this system, the concept of surplus basin or deficit basin does not arise. When there is surplus (flood water) going to sea in any basin, the water will be let into waterways. The same basin can get back water when required.   

The project was also presented to the Chief Secretary of Karnataka on Nov 19th 2008 and was well received.  

KSWP:

This proposal is for creating smart waterways and helps to harness nearly 400 TMC of floodwater which otherwise runs off to sea.

KSWP is taken on Contour concepts and hence there is no pumpingin the whole systemand KSWP allows for Two-way flow.

Water will flow smoothly in waterways just as power flows in a power grid and there will be no problem in sharing water between different basins.  

KSWP envisages construction of waterways from North to South at about 250 MSL on western side of the Western Ghats. The waterway is 400 Km long and connects all the major and minor Rivers including Netravathy and Kalinadi on the western side.

The width of the Navigational waterway is 120 m and the depth is 10 m .




BENEFITS


















Estimate:Cost: Rs.30,000 Cr.,    Return :Rs.5000 Cr. per year

Implementation: 5 years under PPP (Public Private Partnership) model

 

Kerala Waterways Project (KWP)


TheKerala Waterways Project (KWP) for Networking of Rivers (NWR) It can be implemented for the reasons.

No pumping, only gravitational flow.

Harnesses only flood water for effective flood control and drought, saving thousands of Crores of Rupees every year  

Requires only 2% land against 10% by other plans

No Financial strain to Government, since the project can be implemented   

under Public Private Partnership (PPP) 

KWP creates:

650 Km Smart Waterways operational on all seasons. 

Drinking water for about 22 million people.  

2600 MW of hydro power.

6  million. acres under irrigation to meet our food requirement by 2050. 

Can be implemented similar to National Highways as per our constitution. 

Provides enormous employment. 

The project is environment friendly as it reduces pollution greatly.

The cost of the project is about Rs. 52,000Cr. 

The return from the project is favorable for PPP model

KWP can be completed in 5 years.

KWP is Legally, Socially, Economically and politically viable.





BENEFITS















BIHAR WATERWAYS PROJECT (BWP)


Bihar Waterways Project – (BWP) is a segment in Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP),conceived by Prof. Er. A.C. Kamaraj and developed by a team of devoted experts, numbering over 100, is a new concept for Networking of all major rivers by waterways.  

BWP was presented in the Bihar Assembly by not less a person, the President Dr.A.P.J.Abdulkalamhimself.

BWP:

The special feature of the project is retrieval of only floodwater, which is now going unutilized to the sea. It does not interfere with the utilizable flow (Water available at 75% dependability) in any basin.

It is also proposed to divert water from North reducing flood there and   utilize the water for power, drinking, irrigation etc., BWP is the biggest rain water harvesting (RWH) in the State.

BWP is taken on Contour concepts and hence there is no pumping in the whole system and BWP allows for Two-way flow. 

The waterway is about 1000 Km long from west to east and connects all the major and minor Rivers enroute including Gandhak, Bagmati, Karcha, Kosi and Mahananda in North Bihar and Sone, Punpun, Morhan and Dhadhar in South Bihar. 

Estimate:Cost of the project is Rs.60,000 Cr.

Implementation: About 5 years under PPP (Public Private Partnership)

BENEFITS



















GUJARAT WATERWAYS PROJECT (GWP)


Gujarat Waterways Project (GWP) is an innovative scheme which networks all the major rivers of Gujarat and serves as a storage reservoir and contains flood. It facilitates two-way flow and allows inter-basin transfer without affecting the existing system. It proposes to connect the major rivers such as Sabarmathi, Mahi, Narmatha,Tapietc,. It acts like a water grid similar to power Grid. Hence, it is also called “Gujarat waterways GRID”.

Gujarat Waterways Project – (GWP) is a segment in Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP),conceived by Prof. Er. A.C. Kamaraj and developed by a team of devoted experts, numbering over 100 under his leadership.

NWP is supported by the former President of India Dr.A.P.J.Abdulkalam.

GWP:

The special feature of the project is retrieval of only floodwater, which now goes unutilized to the sea. It does not interfere with the utilizable flow in any basin.

GWP is eco friendly proposal & the biggest rain water harvesting (RWH) for the State.

GWP is based on Contour concepts and hence there is no pumping in the whole system and GWP allows Two-way flow. 

All the east to west flowing rivers in Gujarat are linked with Gujarat waterways GRID. This waterways grid may be created at the height of around 250 MSL.

The width of the Navigational waterway is 120 m and the depth is 10 m .


Estimate:Cost: Rs.40,000 Cr.,    Return : Rs.5,400 Cr. per year

Implementation: 5 years under PPP (Public Private Partnership) model

BENEFITS



















TAMILNADU SMART WATERWAYS PROJECT (TSWP)



The most Water Deficit States are Tamilnadu and Rajasthan in India. Whenever Tamilnadu asks for water from Karnataka in Cauvery, they raise the issue that Tamilnadu wastes water to the sea without utilizing the same. Tamilnadu Smart Waterways Project (TSWP) will be the only solution for all the problems.

Tamilnadu Smart Waterways Project – (TSWP) is a segment in Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP),conceived by Prof. Er. A.C. Kamaraj and developed by a team of devoted experts, numbering over 100, is a new concept for Networking of all major rivers by waterways.  

TSWP was presented to Former Chief Minister Dr.J.Jeyalalithaa by not less a person, the President Dr.A.P.J.Abdulkalamhimself and then by Prof.A.C.Kamaraj and his team of Experts.


TSWP:


The special feature of the project is retrieval of only floodwater, which is now going unutilized to the sea. It does not interfere with the utilizable flow (Water available at 75% dependability) in any basin.

TSWP is eco friendly proposal & the biggest rain water harvesting (RWH) in the State.

TSWP is based on Contour concepts and hence there is no pumping in the whole system and TSWP allows Two-way flow. 

All the west to east flowing rivers in Tamilnadu are linked with Tamilnadu Smart waterways GRID. This Smart waterways grid may be created at the height of around 250 MSL.

The width of the Navigational waterway is 120 m and the depth is 10 m .


Estimate:Cost: Rs.72,000Crores


Implementation: 5 years under PPP (Public Private Partnership) model












Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP)

The PROJECT proposes to have National Waterways covering the entire Nation just like National Highways. The National Waterways Project by Networking of the Rivers in India consists of the Himalayan Waterways (HWW), the Central Waterways (CWW), and Southern Waterways (SWW). The HWW run almost the entire country from west to East on the Northern side. The CWW and SWW cover almost all the States in the Centre and South up to Kanyakumari.

The entire water utilized by the National Waterways Project is only the flood water which goes to the sea. The waterways run at an even height of 500 meters above MSL in the HWW and 250 meters above MSL in the CWW and SWW with a minimum permanent water level of 10 meters. We can generate enormous power by utilizing the level difference the HWW and CWW as well between CWW/ SWW and the sea. The waterways run at a predetermined contour level and hence water is transferable from anyone region to any other region. The water will flow from Ganga to Cauvery and vice versa. When Brahmaputhra is in spate and when water in Ganga region is less, water from Brahmaputhra can go to Ganga region. Similarly when Ganga and Yamuna are in spate, water can go to Brahmaputra region.

Water entering the National Waterways can be tapped at any point of requirement. After completion of the project, there will be  no dearth for water anywhere in the country neither for irrigation nor for drinking. The smart Waterways, operational around the year provide very cheap and economical transporting system for various goods. The National Waterways will act as a 15000 km. long reservoir and a large area will come under irrigation.

The flood water either in Brahmaputra or Ganga or Krishna or Cauvery will get stored in the National Waterways and the same region will get water for 4 more months’ irrigation and throughout the year for drinking. The States which face drought conditions will get water for irrigation and power generation for 9 months and for drinking throughout the year.

SALIENT FEATURES OF THE PROJECT

Water for drinking purpose will be available throughout the year.

Over 250 million jobs will be created.

Floods will be controlled to a large extent.

Drought affected areas will get water for irrigation and drinking.

15000 km. of National (Smart) Waterways is created.

Only the flood water going to the sea is utilized.

Area with insufficient storage facility will also get water when there is a need for drinking water or for irrigation.

No constitutional problem as NWP can be implemented just like the National Highways as per constitution/ Article 246-7th Schedule List 1/24 in the Union list.

No pumping anywhere in the whole system.

Consensus among States is easy.

NWP is ideal for PPP ( Public- Private Partnership) Model.

No State is a donor State and no basin is a donor basin as all the States are Receiver.

Land acquisition is only 2% of the irrigated and compared to other conventional projects, which requires 6 to 10% Land and thus reduces the displacement problem.

BENEFITS FROM THE PROJECT

INDIA WILL GET ITS SECOND FREEDOM FROM FLOOD, DROUGHT, POVERTY,& UNEMPLOYMENT

1. Employment:  

Jobs will get created for all the jobless.

2. Poverty:   

All the citizens of India will be above poverty line.

3. Flood:  

Avoids loss of life both human and animals and also avoids loss of over Rs. 40000 Crores per annum.

4. Drought: 

Farmers will get sufficient quantity of water available for them even when the rainfall is below the average.

5. Drinking Water: 

Uninterrupted drinking water supply will be available to an additional 600 million people.

6. Agriculture: 

Agriculture production will be increased to meet our demands by 2050.

7. Navigation: 

15000 km. of National Waterways operational throughout the year for medium ships and boats providing eco- friendly and economical transport will be available.

8. Power: 

60,000 MW of pollution free hydroelectric power will be generated throughout the country all along the National waterways.

9. Oil: 

Import of oil will be reduced by Rs.1,50,000 Cr./ year.

10. Irrigation: 

150 million acres will get additional irrigation throughout the year.

11. Ground Water : 

Most parts of India will get its ground water recharged. It saves 40,000 MW of power.

12. Global warming: 

Navigation, Ground water recharge, new forest etc. will reverse the global warming.

13. Vision: 

India will become a developed Nation by 2020 A.D.

14. Constitution support: 

The project can be implemented without any disputes between states.

15. Operational Cost:

 It is minimum operational, as there is No pumping of water in the system of Networking.

16. Revenue: 

The revenue collection every year from this National Waterways will be Rs.1 Lakh Crores.



Comparative Analysis Of Ganga Kumari National Waterways Project  (NWP) With other Existing Proposals 



1. Gangai-Cauvery Link  - By K.L. Rao


a)  Length of waterways                        - 2640   KM

b)  Water Transferred                            - 60,000 Cusecs

c)  Pumping over Vindya Mountain      - 1800 ft

d)  Irrigation - 10 million acres

e)  Cost - Rs.3,00,000 cr.

f)    Cost /acre                                          - Rs. 3,00,000




2. Linking all rivers by Captain Dastur 

 

a) Total length                                      - 13,000 Km.

b)  Irrigation - 540M. acres

c)  Power - Not estimated.

d)  Cost - Rs.120,00,000 cr. ( 1979 price)

or 700,00,000cr. (2003 price)

e) Cost /acre                                          - Rs. 12,96,000










3.   NWDA  proposal:  (under investigation since 1982)


       a)   Feasibility report completed      -   16 links Balance 14 links 

       b)   Detailed project report taken for one link.             

       c)   Pumping                       - 116m head

       d)   Flood Control               -  Moderate (4% of the peak flood)

       e)   Navigation                    -  5 Months with small draught

       f)    Irrigation                       -  87.5 M acres

       g)   Power generation         -  34,000 mw

       h)   Cost                              -  Rs. 5,60,000 crores (2002 price)  

       i )   Cost / acre                    -  Rs. 64,000 

       j)    Cost / acre                    -  Rs.1,03,000 (2007 Price)



4.  Smart Waterways Project  by Er. A.C. Kamaraj

     

a)                                        Length  - 15000 KM.

b)                              Pre-feasibility - 1 year. 

Detailed Project Report            - 2 years. Total period10 years.

Execution - 7 years 

c)    Pumping - No Pumping.

d)    Flood Control                          - Very effective  (40% of the peak flood)

e)    Navigation - Throughout  the year with 10 m draught

f)    Irrigation - 150 M. acres.

g)    Power - 60,000 MW

h)    Cost - Rs. 5,35,000 cr.

i)    Cost / acre                                - Rs. 35,700.  (2003 Price)

j)    Cost / acre      - Rs.52,000 (2007 Price)                 








Inter Linking of Rivers (ILR) vs. Ganga-Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP)


  

S.NO

ILR

NWP






ILR


vs


NWP  

1.      State’s acceptance Many States are against Many States accept.

2.      Irrigation 35 M.ha. 60 M.ha.

3.      Power 34,000 MW. 60,000 MW.

4.      Flow of Water One Direction flow. Bi-directional flow like Power Grid

5.      Pumping 3,700 MW. No Pumping.

6.      Navigation Nil 15,000 km Smart Navigation.

7.      Cost 5.6 lakh Crore. 5.35 lakh Crore.

8.      Land acquisition 4 to 6%. Only 2%.

9. Flood Control Just 4% More than 40%

10.      Water availability Harnesses 174 bcm from 300 bcm of utilizable  water (75% dependability). Harnesses 430 bcm from 1500 bcm of Flood Water.

11. Future Requirement Does not meet our 2050 requirement. Meets our 2050 requirement .

12. Concept Shares only utilizable water Shares only flood water 

13. Water Sharing Creates problem between States No friction in sharing.





STATE WISE PROPOSALS

NAWAD TECH has taken immense efforts to implement Ganga –Kumari National Waterways Project. 

1. ANDRA WATERWAYS PROJECT

2. TELANGANA WATERWAYS PROJECT (TEWP)

3. MAHARASHTRA WATERWAYS PROJECT (MWP)

4. KARNATAKA SMART WATERWAYS PROJECT (KSWP)

5. KERALA WATERWAYS PROJECT (KWP)

6. TAMIL NADU WATERWAYS PROJECT (TWP)

7. BIHAR WATERWAYS PROJECT (BWP)

8. GUJARAT WATERWAYS PROJECT (GWP)


NAWAD TECH

Expert Team


Senior Experts:


1.       Prof. A.C.Kamaraj B..E (Hons) F.I.E, MACI, Hydro Scientist

                Chairman, NAWAD TECH.  Expert Member – Inter Linking of Rivers.

              Promotor: Smart Waterways / Ganga-Kumari National Waterways


2.       Er. C.Jeyapaul  B.E. MBA

                    MD, NAWAD TECH.


3.     Er. T.Krishnaswami, B.E.(Hons.) M.Sc (Engg)., Dip. H.E (Delft) F.I.E., 

                     Advanced Study in Netherlands

                 Former Chief Engineer, Public Works Department, Tamilnadu. 


4.     Er. M. Veerabhadraiah, B.E., F.I.E., 

           Director, NAWAD TECH. Former Engineer-in Chief, Public Works Department.


5.      Er. T. T.Kesavan , B.E, 

                Former Chief Engineer (Highways), Public Works Department, Tamilnadu.


6.      Er. V.Kasi, B.E., MTP, MBA,

                  Former Chief Town Planning Officer, Tamilnadu, 


7.    Er. S.Ratnavel B.Tech (IIT – Delhi),M.Phil(Fut), 

                 Founder & Director Global Systems, CEO – SCEBA Consultancy Services.


8.   Er. S.Thinakaran, B.E (Hons), M.E (Structure), 

                Former Engineer-in- Chief, Public Works Department, Tamilnadu.


9.      Er. T. Bainthamilselvan , B.E, 

                Former Chief Engineer, Public Works Department, Tamilnadu


10.    Er. V.K.Gupta. M.Sc.(DM),B.Sc.(PCM),AMIE(Electrical),AMIETE

           IET (UK), Formerly Hon. Sec. IEI Delhi State centre



Experts with deep involvement:


1.       Er. K.Jeyachandran M.E, M.B.A (IIT - Mumbai) , 

                Director , NAWAD TECH.  Business Intelligence Consultant, UK. 


2.    Dr. B.Babu Madhavan M.E. Ph.D (IIT –Mumbai)

                Former Director , PASCO Corp, Japan & India


3.  Dr. R.Lakshmi B.E. (Civil),M.E. (Structure), PhD (Electronic Waste Management)

                   HOD, Kamaraj College of Engineering & Technology,Virudhunagar.


4.   Er. M. Dhanuvelraj , M.E (MIT)

            WIPRO, Chennai


5.   Er. R. Durga Meena ME 

           Former  HOD,  Udayappa Engineering College,Theni


6.   Mr. Vishu Gupta B.Sc (Hons) in Electronics, PGDBM

             Business Consultant, New Delhi


7.    Er. K. Easan B.E (Mech)

             M.D, Sunai Infra Pvt. Ltd. Tamilnadu


8.   Dr. B. Sakthivel, B.E (Civil), M.E (Hydrology & WRE), Ph.D (Hydrology)

              Former Sr. Water Resources Engineer & Section Head, DHI (India) ,New Delhi


9.       Er.Harish, M.E

                  Torento, Canada


10.      Er.K. Manikandan , B.E.(Civil)

                  Technical Expert, NAWAD TECH, Madurai


11.    Er. K. P. Hari Pragash  B.E. (Civil)

                    Construction Engineer, Madurai


12.      Mr. J. Prabu Doss M.B.A. (HR), M.Sc. (IT & M), M.A. (Eco), P.G.D.C.A,

               Executive Secretary. NAWAD TECH, Madurai

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How Hydro power can be generated?                                                                                                                      The water way will have mini reservoirs at the confluence of river. The level difference between the waterway and sea level will be utilized to generate electricity.                      

                                                                                                             

2. How the Waterways will absorb the floods when it occurs at the same time like in Kosi and other tributaries of River Ganges.                                                                                                           The flood carrying capacity of the waterway has been designed suitably to carry the flood or allow the flood in a controlling way in the River Course. The waterway is capable of absorbing flood even when it occurs at the same time in many rivers. Besides the flood water can be detoured so that the maximum flood can be reduced.


3. How the Waterways will provide solution to the floods of Chennai?                                                    

Waterways will retain flood water when there is flood, divert and regulate to reduce peak flood.


4. How the Waterways will help the upper regions of Waterways?                                                            As the downstream will use water from the waterways, the upper regions can store and use water in their region as the demand from downstream will get reduced.


5. Is the Cost of the project high?                                                                                                          Returns from the project is high and the investment can be retrieved  within a few years


6. How the flow of water will be maintained in a contour canal when there is no slope in the canal?                                                                                                                                              

The flow of water is maintained by differential head of water and water can flow in both the directions.


7. Any socio economic study has been done with regard to the proposed project?                         

At the outset, this project brings enormous benefits to the people and the country like providing water for drinking and irrigation. There will be greenery everywhere and the ground water level will rise in many areas. Rehabilitation and Resettlement can be done appropriately as the project brings good nature.  Further navigation will reduce pollution.


8. How about the Environmental effects of the proposal?                                                               Due to afforestation, fuel conservation and other factors, the environment will be enhanced and global warming reversed by the Smart Waterways Project.


9. Due to confluence of waters from different rivers , what will be the effect on different species of animals living in the rivers?                                                                                                    New Ecological order will be created. Further rain is the only source of water for all the rivers. Already many rivers join in Ganges. The Periyar to Vaigai is a standing example.


10. Everybody is talking about the Inter Linking of Rivers proposal. Is your proposal same as ILR?  

NWP is different from ILR in many aspects. In ILR once water is given, it cannot be taken back. In NWP proposal, the donor region can also become recipient. Water flow in NWP is two way whereas in ILR, it is one way flow. Navigation is very limited in ILR. In NWP, Smart Navigation throughout the year is possible. There is no pumping of water in NWP unlike ILR.


11. How the project is feasible without pumping water at any point?

The waterway is at one contour level (same level) and hence pumping is not required. Further water from Himalayan waterway (at 500m) will flow to Central and Southern waterways (at 300m) generating power using the level difference.


12. The Balancing Waterways does not have slope. How do you expect water to flow?

Balancing waterway is not a canal. It acts like a reservoir, a serpentine reservoir. Only the canals need slope. Dams and Reservoirs do not need slope. Still water flows in Dams


13. Is it not unscientific to divert the rivers?                                                                                                 We are impounding only 25% of the flood waters and the balance quantity is allowed to have its natural flow.


14. Bihar is suffering from flood and drought every year. Does your Waterways Project give solution to this?                                                                                                                                          Bihar state was the first to accept the proposal and they ordered for Detailed Project Report (DPR). Our proposal is best suited for Bihar.



15. When the water in Smart Waterways is still and not flowing, will it not support the growth of algae and fungi?                                                                                                                                Water from Smart Waterways will be supplied with fresh water and taken out for various purposes like drinking and irrigation. Hence there can not be  any growth of algae and fungi.


16. Is there any Waterway in the world , where only artificial canals are used for navigation?                                                 

No. the Smart Waterway proposed will be the first of its kind , of this magnitude.   


17. Is Land acquisition will be a problem?

Other projects will need 6% to 10% of land acquisition whereas in NWP only 2% of land is acquired. Moreover as there are huge returns in NWP, compensation can be given generously. Farmers will be happy as they will get sufficient water for their remaining land.


18. Have you done any field studies about the project?                                                                                           Yes, we have done field studies


19. Have you constructed any model to prove your concept?

We have constructed three models as proof of our concept. 

NAWAD TECH office, Madurai.

In Nagari, Madurai district 

Kamaraj College Of Engineering and Technology, Viruthunagar.

20. Is the water in National Waterways (NWW) will be stagnate and will become dirty?

The National Waterways (NWW) will be periodically fed from Balancing Waterways with fresh water to keep the NWW clean. Water can also be drawn for drinking, Irrigation etc. from NWW and it can be kept fed with fresh water from Balancing Waterways regularly.


21. Will the forests be affected by this project?

When Contour canals comes into existence, there is greater possibility for forest growth along the waterways. More forests will come on both sides of the contour canal that stretches for about 15,000Km.


22. Will the waterway cause any disadvantages or negative impact in the residential areas located on its way?

As far as the land donors are  concerned, 25% more than the market value of the land is planned to be given to them as compensation. Also we can make them partners of the project by giving shares. However residential areas will be avoided.


23. What are the problems expected in the implementation of the project?

As there will be surplus of water flowing in the National Waterways, we should be very careful that there should not be any breach on its way. Precautions are taken for this. While taking forest lands, we will give 2 acres of land when the Forest Department offers 1 acre of land. Forests can be developed in these lands.


24. Some people felt that flood water is advantageous since the water which carries lot of minerals will make the land fertile?

We are using only 30% of the flood water which goes to sea as waste and still 70% of the flood water will go to sea. Besides, water irrigation also carries floating particles with it and deposits on land making fertile.


25. Depending on the rainfall, if Godavari region is having copious water and Cauvery region is dry, whether the water will flow to full level or only a percentage?

A flow of water in the waterway, though free, is controllable by suitable arrangements. Hence suitable quantity can be allowed.


26. Whether evaporation loss has been considered?

Yes, evaporation loss has been taken into the account.


27. Whether leakage of water in various storage dam have been considered?

Leakage of water from storage dams will not be there and therefore it is not considered. Only evaporation loss is taken into account. However, percolation from waterways is taken into account.


28. Can you take the canal in mountain range?

Yes, we can take the canal in mountain range where it is necessary. But we find most of the path, the waterways runs is in planes despite the fact that it runs at 300m or 500m MSL.


29. Why don’t you just connect adjacent rivers?

This is what you do in NWDA proposal. But this will not be quite effective in controlling flood or drought since the adjacent river will also have the same problem of flood or drought.


30. Have you included the cost for expanding agricultural activities?

No, expanding agricultural activities is State subject. We will make the water is available to the States and it is for them to develop the agriculture.


31. The National Waterways goes to certain areas only- what about other areas?

The waterways goes in certain areas only. This is like National Highways, which also goes only in certain areas. However, water will reach down below upto sea.

32. You can use water for power generation or irrigation only. So when you generate power you cannot use it for irrigation, is it not?

It is possible to use the same water after power generation for irrigation. But this may not be always possible.


33. Water flows at the same level. How will you get power?

The waterways runs at 300m and 500m contours. Hence it is possible to generate power just like generating power in Dam.


34. How will you get water storage with just 30m high dams?

The water is stored not only just in Dams, but also in the balancing waterways. This is one of the major advantages of the system. Hence it is enough to have the height of the dam at 30m causing minimum displacement.


35. If there is breach what is the solution?

We have taken every precaution to avoid breach. But in case it occurs, we have planned to arrest the same speedily by using RCC platoons and breach arresting ship.