Impacts of Flood and droughts

Smart Waterways Project – (Ganga-Kumari National Waterways Project)

A sustainable solution to the flood and drought recurrence every year in India.

India is vulnerable to the two extremities caused by water – one due to excess water that is floods and the other due to deficit that is drought. Here is brief descript of flood , drought and their damages and the solution to this natural calamity.Every year there is recurrence of floods in Bihar, Mumbai, Assam, Meghalaya , Orissa,Chennai, West Bengal. Floods in Nepal affect the state of Bihar.Year after year, Thousands of people and animals die, Millions of peolpe are stranded, thousands of people  loose their homes, Lakhs of acres of crops get submerged, Thousands of Crores of worth public properties get damaged.Herewith the reports of the impacts of flood in the media

  • In October 1943, Madras (now Chennai) saw the worst flood to hit the city. Flood occurred due to excessive rains that lasted for 6 days and overflowed Coovum and the Adyar rivers. Damage caused to life and property was immense however estimate figure is unknown

  • In 1987, Biharstate of India witnessed one of its worst floods till then. Flood occurred due to overflow of the Koshi river; which claimed lives of 1,399 humans, 302 animals and public property worth INR 68 billion (US$1.1 billion).
  • In 26 July 2005 Heavy rains across the state of Maharashtra, including large areas of the metropolis Mumbai which received 944 mm (39.1 inches) alone killed at-least 1,094 people. The day is still remembered as the day Mumbai came to a standstill, as the city faced worst ever rain. Mumbai International Airportremained closed for 30 hours, Mumbai-Pune Expressway was closed for 24 hours with public property loss was estimated at INR 550 crore (US$86 million).

 

  • June 2015 Gujarat flood. The wild life of Gir Forest National Park and adjoining area was also affected.
  • 2015 South Indian floods: Heavy rain in Nov-Dec 2015 resulted in flooding of Adyar, Coovam rivers in Chennai, Tamil Nadu resulting in financial loss and human lives.
  • 2016 Assam floods: Heavy rains in July–August resulted in floods affecting 1.8 million people and flooding the Kaziranga National Park killing around 200 wild animals.

On the other hand there are also droughts reported every year. One of the sectors where the immediate impact of drought is felt in agriculture. With the increased intensity or extended duration of drought prevalence, a significant fall in food production is often noticed.  Again there are deaths of animals & human,farmers suicides, crop failure etc.

Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on the climate of India: a favorable southwest summer monsoon is critical in securing water for irrigating Indian crops. In some parts of India, the failure of the monsoons result in water shortages, resulting in below-average crop yields. This is particularly true of major drought-prone regions such as southern and eastern Maharastra, northern Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Andra Pradesh, Telungana, Odisha, Gujarat  and Rajesthan.

 

Drought not only affect the food production at the farm level but also the national economy and the overall food security as well. The National Democratic Alliance government said that it has released Rs1,712.10 crore and Rs1,235.52 crore for drought-hit states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, respectively, from the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF).Tamilnadu had hundreds of farmers suicide in 2016 alone.

There has been no  optimal solution to this disaster, so far. Here is a sustainbale solution which will proactively absorb the flood waters and which can be utilised during times of deficit or drought. Thus the ill effects of flood and drought will be mitigated and nullified.

   

The National Smart Waterways Project  (Ganga-Kumari National Waterways Project)  , NWP proposed by Prof A.C.Kamaraj, Chairman NAWAD TECH (National Waterways Development Technology) is an innovative and novel concept by which a contour canal networks all major  rivers of India forming water grid. It will absorb only flood waters which can be stored , transmitted and utilised where and when there is deficit . Thus the effects of flood and drought are mitigated by the same concept.

In addition to controlling flood and drought, the proposal delivers numerous benefits including provision of drinking  water for all, employment to millions, additional land for cultivation to ensure food security, hydro power generation , inland navigation etc. The proposal ensures economic prosperity, social development , environment enhancement of our country. GDP will increase to more than 10%.