Ganga- Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP)
The PROJECT proposes to have National Waterways covering the entire Nation just like National Highways. The National Waterways Project by Networking of the Rivers in India consists of the Himalayan Waterways (HWW), the Central Waterways (CWW), and Southern Waterways (SWW). The HWW run almost the entire country from west to East on the Northern side. The CWW and SWW cover almost all the States in the Centre and South up to Kanyakumari.
The entire water utilized by the National Waterways Project is only the flood water which goes to the sea. The waterways run at an even height of 500 meters above MSL in the HWW and 250 meters above MSL in the CWW and SWW with a minimum permanent water level of 10 meters. We can generate enormous power by utilizing the level difference the HWW and CWW as well between CWW/ SWW and the sea. The waterways run at a predetermined contour level and hence water is transferable from anyone region to any other region. The water will flow from Ganga to Cauvery and vice versa. When Brahmaputhra is in spate and when water in Ganga region is less, water from Brahmaputhra can go to Ganga region. Similarly when Ganga and Yamuna are in spate, water can go to Brahmaputra region.
Water entering the National Waterways can be tapped at any point of requirement. After completion of the project, there will be no dearth for water anywhere in the country neither for irrigation nor for drinking. The smart Waterways, operational around the year provide very cheap and economical transporting system for various goods. The National Waterways will act as a 15000 km. long reservoir and a large area will come under irrigation.
The flood water either in Brahmaputra or Ganga or Krishna or Cauvery will get stored in the National Waterways and the same region will get water for 4 more months’ irrigation and throughout the year for drinking. The States which face drought conditions will get water for irrigation and power generation for 9 months and for drinking throughout the year.
SALIENT FEATURES OF THE PROJECT
- Water for drinking purpose will be available throughout the year.
- Over 250 million jobs will be created.
- Floods will be controlled to a large extent.
- Drought affected areas will get water for irrigation and drinking.
- 15000 km. of National (Smart) Waterways is created.
- Only the flood water going to the sea is utilized.
- Area with insufficient storage facility will also get water when there is a need for drinking water or for irrigation.
- No constitutional problem as NWP can be implemented just like the National Highways as per constitution/ Article 246-7th Schedule List 1/24 in the Union list.
- No pumping anywhere in the whole system.
- Consensus among States is easy.
- NWP is ideal for PPP ( Public- Private Partnership) Model.
- No State is a donor State and no basin is a donor basin as all the States are Receiver.
- Land acquisition is only 2% of the irrigated and compared to other conventional projects, which requires 6 to 10% Land and thus reduces the displacement problem.
BENEFITS FROM THE PROJECT
INDIA WILL GET ITS SECOND FREEDOM FROM FLOOD, DROUGHT, POVERTY,& UNEMPLOYMENT
Jobs will get created for all the jobless.
All the citizens of India will be above poverty line.
Avoids loss of life both human and animals and also avoids loss of over Rs. 40000 Crores per annum.
Farmers will get sufficient quantity of water available for them even when the rainfall is below the average.
- Drinking Water:
Uninterrupted drinking water supply will be available to an additional 600 million people.
Agriculture production will be increased to meet our demands by 2050.
15000 km. of National Waterways operational throughout the year for medium ships and boats providing eco- friendly and economical transport will be available.
60,000 MW of pollution free hydroelectric power will be generated throughout the country all along the National waterways.
Import of oil will be reduced by Rs.1,50,000 Cr./ year.
150 million acres will get additional irrigation throughout the year.
- Ground Water :
Most parts of India will get its ground water recharged. It saves 40,000 MW of power.
- Global warming:
Navigation, Ground water recharge, new forest etc. will reverse the global warming.
India will become a developed Nation by 2020 A.D.
- Constitution support:
The project can be implemented without any disputes between states.
- Operational Cost:
It is minimum operational, as there is No pumping of water in the system of Networking.
The revenue collection every year from this National Waterways will be Rs.1 Lakh Crores.
Comparative Analysis Of Ganga Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP) With other Existing Proposals
- Gangai-Cauvery Link – By K.L. Rao
|a)||Length of waterways||–||2640 KM|
|b)||Water Transferred||–||60,000 Cusecs|
|c)||Pumping over Vindya Mountain||–||1800 ft|
|d)||Irrigation||–||10 million acres|
|f)||Cost /acre||–||Rs. 3,00,000|
- Linking all rivers by Captain Dastur
|a)||Total length||–||13,000 Km.|
|d)||Cost||–||Rs.120,00,000 cr. ( 1979 price)
or 700,00,000cr. (2003 price)
|e)||Cost /acre||–||Rs. 12,96,000|
- NWDA proposal: (under investigation since 1982)
- a) Feasibility report completed – 16 links Balance 14 links
- b) Detailed project report taken for one link.
- c) Pumping – 116m head
- d) Flood Control – Moderate (4% of the peak flood)
- e) Navigation – 5 Months with small draught
- f) Irrigation – 5 M acres
- g) Power generation – 34,000 mw
- h) Cost – 5,60,000 crores (2002 price)
- i ) Cost / acre – Rs. 64,000
- j) Cost / acre – 1,03,000 (2007 Price)
- Smart Waterways Project by Er. A.C. Kamaraj
|Detailed Project Report||–||2 years. Total period10 years.|
|d)||Flood Control||–||Very effective (40% of the peak flood)|
|e)||Navigation||–||Throughout the year with 10 m draught|
|f)||Irrigation||–||150 M. acres.|
|h)||Cost||–||Rs. 5,35,000 cr.|
|i)||Cost / acre||–||Rs. 35,700. (2003 Price)|
|j)||Cost / acre||–||Rs.52,000 (2007 Price)|
Inter Linking of Rivers (ILR) vs. Ganga-Kumari National Waterways Project (NWP)
|1.||State’s acceptance||Many States are against||Many States accept.|
|2.||Irrigation||35 M.ha.||60 M.ha.|
|3.||Power||34,000 MW.||60,000 MW.|
|4.||Flow of Water||One Direction flow.||Bi-directional flow like Power Grid|
|5.||Pumping||3,700 MW.||No Pumping.|
|6.||Navigation||Nil||15,000 km Smart Navigation.|
|7.||Cost||5.6 lakh Crore.||5.35 lakh Crore.|
|8.||Land acquisition||4 to 6%.||Only 2%.|
|9.||Flood Control||Just 4%||More than 40%|
|10.||Water availability||Harnesses 174 bcm from 300 bcm of utilizable water (75% dependability).||Harnesses 430 bcm from 1500 bcm of Flood Water.|
|11.||Future Requirement||Does not meet our 2050 requirement.||Meets our 2050 requirement .|
|12.||Concept||Shares only utilizable water||Shares only flood water|
|13.||Water Sharing||Creates problem between States||No friction in sharing.|
STATE WISE PROPOSALS
NAWAD TECH has taken immense efforts to implement Ganga –Kumari National Waterways Project.