For Further information Contact
  Prof. A.C.Kamaraj,
B.E (Hons)., F.I.E,

409, K.K. Nagar, Madurai-625020, Tamilnadu, India.

Ph: 0452-2587351,2589215.
Hp: 94430-66561



The concept of linking rivers in India has been there for many years and is yet to move from the concept stage towards fruitful implementation. The idea originated when Sir. C. P. Ramaswamy lyer, an eminent educationist, had a far vision and suggested linking the rivers Ganges with Cauvery to solve our water problems. But this was only a suggestion and no concrete proposal was put forth.

Sri K. L. Rao, an eminent Engineer and former Central Minister gave the proposal to link Ganges and Cauvery by a long canal. This was a good proposal but had a major disadvantage. To bring water beyond Vindhya Mountains, heavy pumping had to be resorted to lift water. The Power requirement was so very heavy, being equivalent to the power generated in the entire country at that time. Hence this proposal was dropped."

Captain Dastur presented a project connecting all the major rivers in the country. This is also a good proposal having varied advantage of irrigation, power generation etc. However Capt. Dastur's proposal was found to be of a very big magnitude involving heavy cost. Besides it was not found technically viable Hence the proposal was also dropped.

National Water Development Agency was formed under society act in 1982 and supported by Government of India. They are studying the Peninsular component in the South and Himalayan component in the North. The preliminary investigations on these two schemes are going on and the cost component for this project is about 5.6 lakhs Cr. (as estimated in 2002). But this project proposal also faces some problem.

First, the fear is whether, any State will ever agree that they have surplus water and even if they agree whether they will be willing to spare to the neighboring state. Hence it may not be that easy to take water from surplus states to deficit States. Even if this problem is to be overcome by some means, there will always be interstate water problems as we already experience between many States. Besides, this scheme involves lifting up to 116 meters in some places involving huge power consumption and recurring expenditure.

Sri A. C. Kamaraj, an eminent Engineer and expert in water management has evolved the formation of a system by the name GANGAI-KUMARI National Waterways, which overcomes many of the demerits noticed in the previous schemes. Since the National Waterway travels at even height, no pumping is required in the entire stretch and the flow of water is purely by differential water head. The water way will provide flood control in many states. This is an innovative proposal which works like a power grid.  

Further the water transfer in the project is in either direction enabling water from Andhra to flow to Tamilnadu and Kerala. Similarly water will flow to Andhra from Kerala and Tamilnadu. As a result give and take policy is assured for all states in the project in the distribution of water. There will not be any interstate water problem and every state will get adequate water. In the National Waterways project we will be able to generate enormous power and that too cheap and pollution free hydroelectric power.

Since medium size ships and boats can ply in the National Waterways the present congestion on the National Highways will be greatly eased. Further the cost of transport will be very economical compared to that of road transport. In peninsular scheme water will mostly flow from one river to adjacent river, also experiencing that same mansoon. But in National Waterways water form one region will flow to the other region experiencing the different mansoon.

Our constitution provides for National Waterways just like National Highways.(Article - 246 - 7th Schedule list 1/24). Once the National Waterways is taken up as provided in the constitution, there is no necessity for nationalization of rivers.

Er. A. C. Kamaraj, B.E. (Hons).,F.I.E,
Chairman National Waterways Development council

Er. A.C.Kamaraj comes from a respectable farmer's family with rural background. He had very high academic career with 100% in maths in school final, first class in intermediate and Hons in Engineering from Annamalai University.

He was directly recruited in state PWD and gained very good experience in irrigation and water management including construction of buildings and dams.

He had his higher studies at London and toured extensively in U.S.A., Canada and European countries.
After two decades in PWD, he resigned devote his entire time to develop National Waterways Project. He is an agriculturist, industrialist and a social worker.

He had moved closely with top leaders like Sri. K. Kamaraj and Sri Moraji Desai.

His Zeal to see India flourish and to see her free from poverty has made him work intensively and conceived the mega project like National Waterways. He is working on this project for the last one decade. He is helped by team of experts in Hydrology, Irrigation, Water Management etc on this project.

Er. K. Pandy. B.E.(Hons),FIE

Mr.Pandy. K., a civil engineer also holds post graduate degree in Hydraulics. He has also graduated in FIE, FIV. He is also a Chartered Engineer.

He has worked with Tamilnadu Public Works Department for more than 34 years and retired as chief engineer (irrigation). Presently, he is serving as a private consulting engineer Following are his contributions in Water Management Project
Construction of Sholayar Dam and Planning, Design and construction of canals of Parambikulam Aliyar Project.Modernization of canal systems in the Periyar Vaigai Project, thew cauvery irrigation system and Amaravathy irrigation system

Implementation of Krishna Water Project
Preparation of Project Reports for the uplift of the irrigation systems in Tamilnadu
a. National Water Management project and
b. Water Resources Consolidation Project

His special assignment is his service as a consultant for the World Bank for the preparation of Water management project reports. He has undergone training in the University of Southampton, United Kingdom on management of water resource projects.

T. Krishnaswamy B.E.(Hons),FIE
1. Civil Engineering Graduate, passed B.E. the degree examinations in first class with honours from university of Madras
2. Post Graduate in Hydraulics, Dam construction and Irrigation engineering passed the M.Sc Degree exams from university of Madras.
3. Post Graduate in international course for hydraulic engineering, passed the Dip H.E. exams with distinction from DELFT university, Netherlands

Professional Experience
Total Service 36 years as under
1.Worked in public works department of government of Tamilnadu for 30 years. Worked in planning and design offices, worked in the fields of construction of dams, regulators, canals etc.
2. Worked for 2 years in Madras Atomic Power Project looking after housing colony, coastal survey etc.
3.Worked for 4 years as U.N.D.P. Engineer on lieu service to government of Sri Lanka Worked with Sir. William Halcrows of U.K., who were the consultants for Govt. of Sri Lanka on Kotmala Hydro Power Project, Sri Lanka - 3 years
Also worked with CRIPPEN INTERNATIONAL of Canada, who were consultants to Govt. of Sri Lanka on Maduroya Hydro Power Project Sri Lanka for 1 year
Position Last Held: Chief Engineer, P.W.D., Government of Tamilnadu . Retired on 30.06.1997

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